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Essential oils properties

 

Bergamot:
Citrus Bergamia
Produced in Italy
Steam Distilled
A small tree about 15 feet high bearing small round fruit that ripen from green to yellow. Named after the Italian city of Bergamot in Lombardy, where the oil was first sold. The oil has been used in Italian folk medicine for many years, primarily for fever and worms. Recent research in Italy has shown that Bergamot oil has a wide spectrum of applications, being particularly useful for mouth, skin, respiratory and urinary tract infections.

 

 

Citronella:
Cymbopogon Nardus
Produced in Sri Lanka
The leaves of citronella are used for their aromatic and medicinal value in many cultures, for fevers, intestinal parasite, digestive and menstrual problems, and as a stimulant. It is used in Chinese tradition medicine for rheumatic pain. It is commonly used in candles as a powerful insect repellant.

 

 

Clary Sage: 
Salvia Sclarea
Produced in Bulgaria
Steam Distilled
This herb, highly esteemed in the Middle Ages, has now largely fallen out of use. It was used for digestive disorders, kidney disease, uterine and menstrual complains, for cleansing ulcers and as a general nerve tonic. The mucilage from the seeds was used for treating tumors and for removing dust particles from the eyes. Like garden sage, it cools inflammation and is especially useful for throat and respiratory infections. Clary sage is generally used in preference to the garden sage in aromatherapy due to its lower toxicity level.  

Clove Leaf:
Eugenia Caryophyllata
Produced in Indonesia
Steam Distilled
Extensively used as a domestic spice worldwide. Tincture of cloves has been used for skin infections (scabies, athletes foot); for digestive upsets; to dress the umbilical cord; for intestinal parasites; to ease the pain of childbirth (steeped in wine); and notably for toothache. The tea is used to relieve nausea. In Chinese medicine the oil is used for diarrhea, hernia, bad breath and bronchitis as well as for those conditions mentioned above.

Cypress:
Cupressus Sempervirens
Produced in Spain
Steam Distilled
It was highly valued as a medicine and as incense by ancient civilizations and it is still used as purification incense by the Tibetans. It benefits the urinary system and is considered useful where there is excessive loss of fluid, such as heavy perspiration or menstrual loss and diarrhea. The Chinese consider the nuts very nutritious, beneficial for the liver and respiratory system and to check profuse perspiration.

Dark Patchouli:
Pogostemon Cablin
Produced in Indonesia
Steam Distilled
The oil is used in the east generally to scent linen and clothes, and it is believed to help prevent the spread of disease (prophylactic). In China, Japan and Malaysia the herb is used to treat colds, headaches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain and halitosis. In Japan and Malaysia it is used as an antidote to poisonous snakebites.

 
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Fir Needle:
Abies Sibirica
Produced in Russia
Steam Distilled
It is highly esteemed in Europe for its medicinal virtues and its fragrant scent. It is used mainly for respiratory complains, fever, muscular and rheumatic pain. Employed as an ingredient in some cough and cold remedies and rheumatic treatments. Used as a fragrance component in deodorants, room sprays, disinfectants, bath preparations, soaps and perfumes.

Frankincense:
Boswellia Serrata
Produced in India
Steam Distilled
Used since antiquity as an incense in India, China and in the West by the Catholic Church. In ancient Egypt it was used in rejuvenating face masks, cosmetics and perfumes. It has been used medicinally in the East and West for a wide range of conditions including syphilis, rheumatism, respiratory and urinary tract infections, skin diseases, as well as digestive and nervous complaints.

Geranium:
Pelargonium Graveolens
Produced in Egypt
Steam Distilled
Used for conditions such as dysentery, hemorrhoids, imflammations, metrorrhagia and menorrhagia. Acts as an antidepressant, antihemorrhagic, antiflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, cicatrisant, deodorant, diuretic, fungicidal, hemostatic, stimulant, styptic, vermifuge, and vulnerary. Has a rosy-sweet, minty scent.

 

 

Ginger:
Zingiber Officinale
Produced in China
Steam Distilled
Ginger has been used as a domestic spice and as a remedy for thousands of years, especially in the East. Fresh ginger is used in China for many complaints including rheumatism, bacterial dysentery, toothache, malaria, and for cold and moist conditions such as excess mucus and diarrhea. It is best known as a digestive aid, especially in the West: in the British herbal pharmacopoeia it is specifically indicated for flatulent intestinal colic. Preserved and crystallized ginger is a popular confectionery.

 

Grapefruit:
Citrus Paradisi
Produced in USA (California)
Cold Pressed
It shares the nutritional qualities of other citrus species, being high in vitamin C and a valuable protection against infection illness. Has a fresh, sweet citrus aroma that blends well with lemon, palmarosa, rosemary, cypress, lavender, geranium and spice oils. A cultivated tree believed to have derived from the shaddock (Citrus Grandis).

 

Guaiacwood:
Bulnesia Sarmienti
Produced in Paraguay
Steam Distilled
The wood is much used for ornamental carving. In recent years Guaiacwood oil has been used in Bulgaria as a common adulterant for rose oil, due to its tea rose-like odour. It can be recognized, however, by the microscopic examination of its principal constituent, Guaiol, which forms sharp needle-like crystals that separate from the oil on cooling. The addition of guaiacwood oil to rose oil also raises the congealing point of the oil and increases its specific gravity so that its presence as an adulterant may be quite easily detected.
 

Lavender:
Lavandula Officinalis
Produced in Hungary
Steam Distilled
Lavender has a well-established tradition as a folk remedy, and its scent is still familiar to almost everyone. it was used to ‘comfort the stomach’ but above all as a cosmetic water, an insect repellent, to scent linen, and as a reviving yet soothing oil. Generally regarded as the most versatile essential oil therapeutically.

 

Lemon:
Citrus Limonum
Produced in USA (California)
Cold Pressed
It is very nutritious, being high in vitamins A, B and C. In Spain and other European countries, lemon is something of a ‘cure-all’, especially with regard to infectious illness. It was used for fever, such as malaria and typhoid, and employed specifically for scurvy on English ships at sea. Taken internally, the juice is considered invaluable for acidic disorders, such as arthritis and rheumatism, and of great benefit in dysentery and liver congestion. The fruit turns from green to yellow on ripening

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Lemongrass:
Cymbopogon Flexuosus
Produced in India
Steam Distilled
Employed in traditional Indian medicine for infectious illness and fever; modern researched carried out in India shows that it also acts as a sedative on the central nervous system. It is also used as an insecticide and for flavoring food. After the distillation process, the exhausted grass is used locally to feed cattle.

 

Lime:
Citrus Aurantifolia
Produced in Mexico
Steam Distilled
The fruit is often http://farmaciaitaly.com/cialis.html used indiscriminately in place of lemon with which it shares many qualities. It is used for similar purposes including fever, infections, sore throat, colds, etc. in the past it was used as a remedy for dyspepsia with glycerin of pepsin. Mainly the distilled oil, but also the terpeneless oil, is used by the food industry, especially in soft drinks – ‘lemon and lime’ flavour.

 

 

Nutmeg:
Myristica Fragrans
Produced in Indonesia
Steam Distilled
Nutmeg and mace are widely used as domestic spices and have been used for centuries as a remedy mainly for digestive and kidney problems. Grated nutmeg with lard is used for piles. A fixed oil of nutmeg is also used in soap and candle making. Nutmeg is produced from the dried worm-eaten nutmeg seed (the worms eat away all the starch and fat content).

 

Palmarosa:
Cymbopogon Martini
Produced in India
Steam Distilled
The oil term “Indian” or “Turkish” geranium oil, which formerly was applied to Palmarosa oil, dates back to the time when the oil was shipped from Bombay to ports of the Red Sea and transported partly by land, to Constantinople and Bulgaria, where the oil was often used for the adulteration of rose oil.

 

Parsley Seed:
Petroselinum Crispum
Produced in India
Steam Distilled
Both the herb and seed are used medicinally, principally for kidney and bladder problems, but it has also been employed for menstrual difficulties, digestive complaints and for arthritis, rheumatism, rickets and sciatica. It is said to stimulate hair growth and help eliminate head lice. There are over thirty-seven different varieties of parsley, includeing the curly-leaved type P. Crispum, which is used in herbal medicine.

Peppermint:
Mentha Piperita
Produced in India
Steam Distilled
Mints have been cultivated since ancient times in china and Japan. In Egypt evidence of a type of peppermint has been found in tombs dating from 1000 BC. It has been used extensively in eastern and western medicine for a variety of complains, including indigestion, nausea, sore throat, diarrhea, headaches, toothaches, and cramp

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Rosemary:
Rosemarinus Officinalis
Produced in Hungary
Steam Distilled
One of the earliest plants to be sued for food, medicine and magic. Sprigs of rosemary were burned at shrines in ancient Greece. And was used in the middle ages to drive away evil spirits, and to protect against plague. It has been used for a wide range of complaints including respiratory and circulatory disorders, liver congestion, digestive and nervous complains, muscular and rheumatic pain, skin and hair problems.

 

Scotch Pine:
Pinus Sylvestris
Produced in Bulgaria
Steam Distilled
As an inhalation it helps relieve bronchial catarrh, asthma, blocked sinuses, etc. The pine kernels are said to be excellent restoratives for consumptives, and after long illness. It was used by the Native Americans to prevent scurvy, and to stuff mattresses to repel lice and fleas. Has a strong dry-balsamic, turpentine-like aroma. Blends well with cedar wood, rosemary, tea tree, sage, lavender, lemon and eucalyptus

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Spearmint:
Mentha Spicata
Produced in USA (Oregon)
Steam Distilled
Valued all over the world as a culinary herb, as shown by its folk names. It was used by the ancient Greeks as a restorative and to scent their bath water. The distilled water is used to relieve hiccough, colic nausea, indigestion and flatulence. ‘applied to the forehead and temples, it eases the pains in the head and is good to wash the heads of young children with, against all manner of breakings out, sore or scabs… being smelled unto, it is comforting to the head.

 

 

Sweet Orange:
Citrus Sinensis
Produced in Brazil
Cold Pressed
A very nutritious fruit, containing vitamins A, B and C. in Chinese medicine the dried sweet orange peel is used to treat coughs, colds, anorexia and malignant breast sores. Li Shih-chen says: ‘The fruits of all different species and varieties of citrus are considered by the Chinese to be cooling. The sweet varieties increase bronchial secretion and the sour promote expectoration. They all quench thirst, and are stomachic and carminative

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Tangerine:
Citrus Reticulata
Produced in Brazil
Cold Pressed
There are many cultivars within this species: the terms tangerine and mandarin are used somewhat interchangeably, as is the word satsuma. The name mandarin comes from the fruit that was a traditional gift to the Mandarins of China. In France it is regarded as a safe children’s remedy for indigestion, hiccoughs, etc., and for the elderly since it helps strengthen the digestive function and liver.

 

 

Tea Tree:
Melaleuca Alternifolia
Produced in Australia
Steam Distilled
The name derives from its local usage as a type of herbal tea, prepared from the leaves. Our present knowledge of the properties and uses of tea tree is based on a very long history of use by the aboriginal people of Australia. It has been extensively researched recently by scientific methods.

 


Cedar Wood:
Juniperus Virginiana
Produced in USA (Virginia)
Steam Distilled
The Native Americans used it for respiratory infections, especially those involving an excess of catarrh. It is an excellent insect and vermin repellent (mosquitoes, moths, woodworm, rats, etc.) and was once used with citronella as a commercial insecticide. Extensively used in room sprays and household insect repellents. The tree can attain a majestic stature with a trunk diameter of over 5 feet.

 

White Camphor:
Cinnamomum Camphora
Produced in China
Steam Distilled
Crude camphor is very poisonous and is collected from the trees in crystalline form. The essential oil is produced by steam distillation from the wood, root stumps, and branches and then rectified to produce three fractions known as white, brown and yellow camphor. Brown and yellow camphor should not be used in therapy either internally or externally. White camphor is the lightest and can be used in therapy. 

Wintergreen:
Gaultheria Procumbens
Produced in China
Steam Distilled
The plant has been used for respiratory conditions such as chronic mucous discharge, but is employed mainly for join t and muscular problems such as lumbago, sciatica, neuralgia, myalgia, etc. the dried leaf and stem are current in the British herbal pharmacopoeia as a specific for rheumatoid arthritis. The essential oil has been used interchangeability with sweet birch oil, both being made up almost exclusively of methyl salicylate.

 

Ylang Ylang Extra:
Cananga Odorata
Produced in Madagascar
Steam Distilled
Ylang Ylang is commonly fractionated into 4 grades. In order of highest to lowest quality they are: Extra, 1st, 2nd, 3rd. This is Ylang Ylang Extra, the highest grade. In Indonesia, the flowers are spread on the beds of newly married couples. In the Molucca Islands, an ointment is made from Ylang Ylang and cucuma flowers for cosmetic and hair care, skin diseases, to prevent fever and fight infections. In the Victorian age, the oil was used in the hair treatment Macassar oil. It is also used to soothe insect bites.